Posted in Archives and Libraries, Biographical, Books, Census, Directories, Friday Finds, Google Books, History, Mormon Migration Index, National Register of Historic Places, Newspapers, Photos, Pioneer Overland Travel, Research Center for Utah State History, Research tips, Utah State Historical Society, Websites

Fergus Coalter Music Co.: One source leads to another

I ran across a 1900 U.S. Census record for my husband’s ancestor, Fergus Coalter, living in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah at the time, and several entries caught my eye because I knew they would lead me to other sources. That’s the great thing about a census record – one thing leads to another:

Fergus Coalter household, 1900 U.S. Census, ED 5 Precinct 5 Salt Lake City Ward 1, Salt Lake, Utah, p. 11 (familysearch.org, digital image)

Year of immigration (1874), years in the U.S. (26), citizenship (“Na” or naturalized), occupation (Music Dealer), education (can read, write, and speak English), and home ownership (“O” owns a home, “F” free of mortgage).

These are all things worth following up on, and I accessed a number of sources you may not know exist. Of course the easiest thing to try first is a Google search, and this got me started on the thing I was most curious about initially – no, not the immigration/citizenship columns – but “Music Dealer.” That is something you don’t often see on a census record.

A search for “Fergus Coalter music” led me to the website for the Mormon Tabernacle Choir historical roster. If you access the MTC website, there does not appear to be a link for the roster page, so I would have never found this entry for “Fergus Coulter” without Google:

So Fergus Coulter/Coalter sang Bass with the MTC for 17 years!

Another find through Google was on EBay – a postcard featuring the Fergus Coalter music company (mis-identified as Ogden). Sadly, my bid was rejected, but next time I am in Salt Lake City I intend to go to the Research Center for Utah State History, where they have an excellent collection of photographs from early Salt Lake City streets. A look at their online catalog gave me some promising leads, but they have file cabinets full of photos available for browsing which are organized geographically.

Now that I knew about the Fergus Coalter Music Company, I wanted to check city directories for Salt Lake City, which list addresses for businesses and individuals much like a phone book would in later years, plus sometimes some extra helpful facts. UTGenweb has a list of SLC directories with links to online images and/or Family History Library microfilm call numbers. Additionally, www.uscitydirectories.com lists directories by year, and some libraries where they can be found.

The 1897 Polk directory showed “Daynes and Coalter” under Fergus Coalter’s name and a residential address of 749 2nd East:

SLC Directory 1897, Polk, p89 online at UTGenweb http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~utsaltla/archive/directories/index.html

State Genweb projects, hosted by Rootsweb, are excellent sources for free online images and databases posted by volunteers.

Other online city directories revealed Fergus Coalter had also been in business as Coalter and Snelgrove, Daynes and Coalter, and Fergus Coalter Music Co. His death record showed him working as a clerk at Beesley Music Co. at age 71. I can do a more thorough search of directories at the Utah Research Center and Family History Library when I am there.

Newspapers can be an excellent source when the subject was a business owner, because of all the ads they placed. Here are a few unusual publications:

Young Womans Journal v 13 p344 on books.google.com

This is from the Young Woman’s Journal, Feb 1902, v 13, p 344. Here is an excerpt from something titled, “Mormon Magazine Miscellany” with the heading, “The Leading Industries of the West,” p 66, also on Google Books. It is a fascinating peek inside the music store, and we also learn that Fergus’ partner was the Tabernacle organist:

Finally, another unique source is a file from the National Register of Historic Places. The nomination form for the Capitol Hill Historic District of Salt Lake City, submitted by the Utah State Historical Society, has been digitized and is available online. It provides photos and descriptions of buildings in that district, including the Fergus Coalter home at 314 Center St., constructed abt 1880:

What is remarkable about this source is the personal info it provides and additional documentation that leads to additional sources, including plat maps Sanborn insurance maps, directories, newspapers, and biographical sources:

Fergus Coalter house, Utah State Historical Society nomination form for NRHP http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/82004135.pdf

There is one last resource I want to mention here, because I know the “immigration” and “citizenship” columns on the census must have made you curious, too. Did you know about the Mormon Migration website at BYU? They are abstracting records for 19th and 20th century LDS immigrants, including first-person accounts of voyages. This is different than the Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel database which documents pioneer wagon companies. For starters, the Pioneer Overland Travel database ends at 1868—the official end of the “pioneer” era—and only covers the immigrants’ journey after they arrived in the United States. The Mormon Migration site is a ships passenger list database that extends beyond 1868 and documents the journey from an immigrant’s homeland. The first-person accounts can describe the entire journey by ship and wagon.

Here is the entry for Fergus Coulter:

Mormon Migration Index at http://lib.byu.edu/mormonmigration/results.php?q=fergus+coulter

A click on his name will bring up a link to first-person accounts by other passengers and also a list of other passengers.

Of course, these records are just the beginning – there are so many more record groups that come to mind: church, vital records, probate, cemetery, county history, naturalization, etc., but hopefully you now know about a few unique records for the Salt Lake City area and can start down your own trail. So Happy Trails!

Posted in Archives and Libraries, Census, FamilySearch Wiki, Friday Finds, LDS Church Censuses, Research tips, Websites

Friday Finds: LDS Church Censuses 1914-1960

Here is an excerpt from the FamilySearch Wiki  regarding a source that is not widely known about—LDS Church Censuses.  If you are researching anyone who was a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who lived anywhere in the world between 1914-1960, you will want to access these records by renting the microfilm at your local LDS Family History Center.  Clicking on Church Census Records, 1914–1960  will take you to a list of 651 microfilms.  Search alphabetically within certain years.  I have ordered the film for “Pomeroy” 1914-1935 and will let you know what I find.  I am excited to see entries for my mom, grandparents, and great-grandparents.

This article is copied from the FamilySearch Wiki LDS Census page:

LDS Census

A census is a count and description of a population. A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where ancestors lived and to identify the dates when they lived there so that you can search other records. Church census records give the name of the ward or branch where a family’s Church records or civil records may be found.

Church Censuses (1914–1960)

 The Church took censuses to track members and Church growth throughout the world. The first Church wide census was taken in 1914. Beginning in 1920, the Church took a census every five years until 1960, except 1945. These census records were compiled in:

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Church Census Records, 1914–1960. Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1962. (On 651 Family History Library films starting with 025708). Arranged alphabetically by the name of the head of the household. The five censuses for 1914 to 1935 were combined and microfilmed. There is a supplement for cards sent in late. The 1940 census was filmed separately with two supplemental films. The 1950, 1955, and 1960 censuses were filmed together.

Information in Church censuses consists of a card with information about each family in a ward or branch. Each person in the household is listed on the family card with their gender, age, priesthood office, and marital status. Each time the census was taken, additional information was included:

  • 1914 This census shows the geographical regions that were marked to show where each person was born; the family’s address; the name of the ward or branch, stake, or mission the person attended; and date of the census.
  • 1920 This census added the maiden name of married women, year of birth of each person, and the Church auxiliaries each person attended.
  • 1925 The complete birth date is included. The columns for auxiliaries are deleted.
  • 1930 This census adds the exact place of birth. Cards for the Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and parts of Maryland also provide the baptism date, the name of the person who performed the baptism, and place of baptism.
  • 1935 This census adds the previous ward or branch the family attended.
  • 1940 This census adds the family’s previous street address, and the date when the family moved to their present address.
  • 1945 No Church census was taken because of World War II.
  • 1950, 1955, and 1960 These censuses show the same information as the 1940 census.

If you cannot find a family on a Church census try these strategies:

  • Look for variant spellings of the surname.
  • Look for the wife as the head of household.
  • Check the supplemental films.

If you still cannot find the family, it may be because:

  • Some Church units did not participate.
  • The census taker may have missed the family.

Posted in Friday Finds, Military, World War 1

Part 2: Allen Lee Millard Gooch WWI Personnel File (Military Service Record)

Here are a few more pages from the World War I Military Service Record for Allen Lee Millard Gooch, my grandfather. This page gives the exact dates of his overseas service, battles he fought in (Meuse-Argonne , and St. Mihiel) and the dates he completed “gas” training, among other things:

Image
Allen Lee Millard Gooch – Application for adjusted compensation for service in Army; Military Service Records; Records of the National Personnel Records Center; National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis.

Here we see a mention of his stay in an evacuation hospital for “influenza” from 19 Dec 1918 to 21 Jan 1919.  This flu pandemic spread from Jan 1918 to Dec 1920, and killed 50-130 million people worldwide.  It was particularly dangerous to the military because of the close quarters of an under-nourished soldier population. Allen Lee Gooch received the Purple Heart medal, and I think it was for this hospitalization. I am glad that after living to see the end of the war on 11 Nov 1918 he was not killed by the Spanish flu the next month.

Other interesting tidbits on these pages are the name of his brother, Frank Gooch, and a physical description of Allen Lee Gooch Brown hair and eyes, fair complexion, 5 ft 4 1/2 inches tall.

Image
Allen Lee Millard Gooch – Application for adjusted compensation for service in Army; Military Service Records; Records of the National Personnel Records Center; National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis.

These pages give us his parents’ names, Jack H. Gooch and Victoria F. Gooch, his birthplace (Purcell, Oklahoma), his occupation (Barber), age at enlistment (25 years 3 months), and his signature.  Throughout the file he is identified as “Allen Lee Willard Gooch”, but his middle name is actually “Millard”.  Looking at his signature it is easy to see why somebody thought it was Willard.  The “M” has a tail on it that makes it appear to be a “W”.  This record is only the second place where I have seen his father’s middle initial of  “H” in an actual record, and it is the only place I have seen his birthplace of Purcell given.  Previously, all unofficial family records gave his birthplace as Shawnee, Oklahoma.

Image
Allen Lee Millard Gooch – Application for adjusted compensation for service in Army; Military Service Records; Records of the National Personnel Records Center; National Personnel Records Center, St. Louis.
Posted in Archives and Libraries, County histories, Friday Finds, Maps, Memory Project, Native Americans, Newspapers, Photos, Websites

Friday Finds: Montana Historical Society Research Center

The Montana Historical Society Research Center in Helena, Montana, can be found online at:

http://mhs.mt.gov/research/

They have what is called the Montana Memory Project.  These memory projects are beginning to crop up for other states, too. Just “Google” [state] Memory Project and see what you find for the state where you are researching.

Significant digital collections (Montana Memory Project):

  1. Central Montana Historical Documents
  2. County Histories of Montana
  3. Early Montana Histories
  4. Mapping Montana and the West
  5. Early newspapers
  6. MHS manuscript collections
  7. Photograph archives
  8. Montana State Prison Records 1869-1974
  9. Montana Indian Law
Happy Trails!
Posted in Archives and Libraries, Artifacts, Biographical, Friday Finds, Photos, Utah pioneers, Websites

Friday Finds: Daughters of the Utah Pioneers Museum

You may have heard of the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers (DUP), but did you know they have a museum that also serves as a research facility? http://www.dupinternational.org/index.php

Located in Salt Lake City close to the Capitol building on 300 N Main St., it houses a tremendous collection of memorabilia dating from the time Mormon pioneers entered the Valley of the Great Salt Lake to the date when Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads were joined at Promontory Point in Utah (24 Jul 1847 to 10 May 1869.) Remember hearing about the Golden Spike?  With the joining of these two railroads, transcontinental travel became possible by rail, and the “pioneer” era officially ended in Utah.  (That just means migration by covered wagon no longer was necessary.)

To join the DUP, you need to prove direct descendancy from someone who passed through, settled in, or was born in the area which encompassed Utah Territory between the above-mentioned dates.  That includes Mormon pioneers, but also trappers, freighters, wagon trains bound for the west coast, members of Johnston’s army, railroad workers, or anyone else passing through. And remember, Utah Territory encompassed all of Nevada and part of Colorado at one time.

The DUP has a History Department containing over 100,000 biographies, with an online index http://www.dupinternational.org/pioneer_index.php . They will make copies for $.25 per page.

Here’s what a search for ” Pomeroy” yielded:

  Last Name   Given Name   Maiden Name   Birth Date   Death Date
  Fairchild   Tryphena   Pomeroy   28 Jun 1815   24 Nov 1901
  Kimball   Mary Urusalia (Zula)   Pomeroy   27 Jul 1860   10 Jan 1892
  Pomeroy   C.E.   26 Feb 1843
  Pomeroy   Cassandra   Johnson   7 Mar 1868   2 Oct 1957
  Pomeroy   Christiana   Monroe Stuart   4 Jun 1851   16 Nov 1923
  Pomeroy   Elijah   26 Jun 1850   8 Nov 1919
  Pomeroy   Emma Adelia   16 Jun 1858
  Pomeroy   Francis Martin   20 Feb 1820   20 Oct 1882
  Pomeroy   Heber Chase Kimball   6 Jun 1868   20 Feb 1948
  Pomeroy   Irene Ursula   Haskell   1 Nov 1825
  Pomeroy   Jessamine Elizabetg   Routledge   29 Jan 1837   19 May 1900
  Pomeroy   Mary Ann   Rich   15 May 1850   3 Nov 1835
  Pomeroy   Mary Annetta   Coleman   20 Nov 1862   13 Mar 1946
  Pomeroy   Sarah Matilda   Colborn   4 Nov 1839
  Rich   Ella A.   Pomeroy   1858

Files for 3 of my direct Pomeroy ancestors and several collateral lines.  Not bad! And notice the birth and death dates in the index.  Nice!

They also have an online index for their photo collection at http://www.dupinternational.org/photoIndex.php

I typed “Matheson” in the index and found they have photos of Lydia Evans Matheson, my great-great grandmother, and my great-great-great grandmother Catherine Treasurer Matheson.

  Last Name   Given Name   Maiden Name   Birth Date   Death Date
  Matheson   Catherine   Treasurer   24 Sep 1804   4 Jan 1896
  Matheson   Elec
  Matheson   Lydia   Evans   14 Feb 1844   30 May 1912
  Matheson   Scott   8 Jan 1929   7 Oct 1990

There are no digital images online, but they can be ordered.  I am excited to visit the museum to see the photos.

Other helpful features of the website are advice on preserving heirlooms and digitizing photos, and a FAQ section to handle those oft-asked questions like, “What is the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers theme song?”

As I remember, the museum has an index of their artifact collection onsite, so you can identify items your ancestor used to own. This museum is certainly worth a trip, but the website makes it possible to do actual research from afar.

Happy Trails!