Dayna’s Genealogy Toolkit

Dayna’s Genealogy Toolkit

Dayna Jacobs, AG®


This toolkit is full of my go-to links that are (mostly) not record repositories, but rather are tools to help me find, interpret, and organize my research and records. I think you’ll want to keep them handy, too.

Abbreviations & Acronyms for Genealogy – What do they mean?

Animated Atlas – U.S. History Timeline

Archive Grid – Enter a zip code to identify nearby archives

Atlas of Historical County Boundaries – Identify county boundaries for any year

BLM-GLO Records – Find U.S. federal land patents and locate parcels on a map

Cheat Sheet – Boolean Genealogy Searches – Online searches made easy from OGT

Cheat Sheets – Family Tree Magazine – A variety of helps

Cheat Sheet – Table of Wars and Ages of Servicemen –  Determine which war your ancestor might have been involved with

Citation Creator – EasyBib – Help for source citations

Earth Point township and range tools – Locate land in the public domain

Encyclopedia of Genealogy – by Dick Eastman

Evernote – Organize your research

Free Forms and Charts – Family Tree Magazine

Free Forms and Charts – Rootsweb

Genealogy Gophers – Searches in genealogy books digitized by FamilySearch

Geographic Names Info System (GNIS) – Supercharged online gazetteer

Historical Map Archive – A look back in time

Internet Archive – For digitized county and family histories

Learning Center – Free online courses at FamilySearch

Linkpendium – Links to genealogy resources organized by locality

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) – Order land entry files and pension files

Newspapers – Library of Congress: Chronicling America

Research Report Template – Download this editable template from OGT

Research Wiki – FamilySearch – Huge knowledge base for researchers

Timeline Template – Download this editable template from OGT

Town and County Database (Rootsweb) – Enter the name of a town to find the county

United States Digital Map Library – A great map resource

USGS Historical Topographic Map Explorer – Click on the timeline to find a map

Vital Records – Where to write

Worldcat – Find libraries and items for interlibrary loan

The ICAPGen ℠ service mark and the Accredited Genealogist® and AG® registered marks are the sole property of the International Commission for the Accreditation of Professional Genealogists.  All Rights Reserved.

5 Ideas for Genealogists Using Evernote

Evernote 5 ideas for genealogists

Evernote: Simple Steps to Paper-“less” Genealogy

Evernote icon

by Dayna Jacobs, AG®

Evernote is an application well-suited for helping the genealogist research and organize information. While the thought of going “paperless” might not be practical for most researchers, we can all benefit from going “paper-less” and reducing those piles of papers growing steadily higher. (Isn’t it about time you used your dining room table for a meal?) More than that, Evernote is a place for us to save those internet finds, a way for us to plan and execute a research trip, and a tool to help us retrieve information instantly.

Download the desktop or mobile app from, and also use it online.  Evernote will sync your information across all devices and platforms.

One of the most remarkable and useful aspects of Evernote is its ability to search every word within every note AND attachment—including JPGs and PDFs—giving the genealogist instant access to information within any item “clipped” from online searches, typed within any note, or saved as an image.  This includes newspapers, indexes, vital records, letters, Bible records, histories, maps, and anything else a genealogist might save. It even makes a pretty good stab at searching handwritten notes.

A few easy steps is all it will take to help you realize the potential of this tool. There is no wrong way to use it, and knowing some basic skills will allow you to innovate and adapt its power to suit your needs.

5 steps to optimizing Evernote

These optimizing steps are not required to use the application, but will boost your efficiency as a genealogist:

  1. Format the look of your  Evernote screen. Click “view” and experiment with different options.  I like:
    • Show Note Panel
    • Note list>Show Note List>Snippet
    • Left Panel>Show Left Note Panel, Notes, Notebooks, Tags
    • Use the F5, F10, and F11 keys to easily toggle between different views
  2. Right click on the toolbar and “Customize Toolbar”
    • Add: New Note, Delete, Print, Email, All Notes, and Screen Shot by dragging them onto the toolbar.
    • Remove: New Chat, Activity, and New Audio Note, by dragging them off the toolbar (unless you want to keep them)
  3. Download the Web Clipper if using Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, or Opera search engines, so you can save any online content directly to an Evernote notebook.
  4. Create a notebook called “To be filed” and set it as your default for all new and imported notes
    • Right click on the name of the “To be filed” notebook
    • Click on Properties and check “Make this my default notebook”
  5. Discover what  your  Evernote email address is and add it to your email contacts, so you can email any content directly toanEvernote notebook:
    • Click on Tools and Account Info
    • Copy the email address provided where it reads: “Email notes to ______________”
    • Add this address as a contact in your email application (Gmail, Yahoo, etc.)

5 steps to organizing your files

Notebooks and stacks are technically not even necessary in Evernote, thanks to its ability to retrieve any note with a single keyword search. However, notebooks and stacks keep notes visually organized for browsing and peace of mind.

Notebooks, stacks, and notes function much the same as subfolders, folders, and files on hard drives, but it is more fun to visualize them like notebooks on shelves, filled with pages of notes. In fact, they function this way, but instead of turning page after page to find what you need, you can enter one key search word to locate it instantly.

Some people like to use “tags” to further organize their notes. I have created some tags but find I never use them—keyword searches are usually enough to find what I am looking for.  Feel free to try it out for yourself, though.

  1. Create a notebook
    • Click Notebooks and New Notebook, and give it an ancestor’s name like this: Tanner, Joseph Henry (Last name, Given names)
    • Create another notebook with another ancestor’s name
  2. Create “stacks” to group notebooks together
    • Drag one notebook onto another
    • OR right click a notebook name and “add to stack”
    • Rename the stack by right clicking it. Call it “Surname Notebooks” (or whatever you’d like!). This is where you will store all the sources you accumulate for each ancestor, each with their own notebook on your virtual shelf.  Now add as many notebooks as you’d like to this stack, by right clicking the stack name.
  3. Create notes and assign them to notebooks
    • Click on New Note
    • The toolbar has options such as checklists, tables, formatting, audio, or the ability to attach files from your hard drive. Choose one or just start typing. No need to get fancy just yet.
    • Name your note in a consistent way (see step 4). Don’t worry, you can always edit it later.
    • Assign it to a notebook when you create it, or let it go to the “To be filed” notebook by default. You can always reassign it to a new notebook by clicking on the name of the notebook at the top of the note.
    • Merge two or more notes into one by highlighting them, right-clicking, and selecting “Merge notes”.
    • On a tablet create a new note by tapping the “+”, then just start typing. You can also create a new note by taking a photo, or use a saved photo. Just tap the camera icon. Or, record an audio note by tapping the microphone icon. If you’ve already created a text note you can add photos and audio by tapping the paperclip.
    • Share a note by highlighting it, right-clicking, and selecting “Share”.
    • Email correspondence or any online page directly to your default file in Evernote by forwarding it to the Evernote “contact” you saved earlier. Your email app should find the “Evernote Upload” contact automatically for you as you begin to type Evernote.
  4. Establish a naming convention
    • Keep it simple, but consistent. Visualize how your files will look in alphabetical order. The suggested naming convention that follows will group individuals alphabetically by name, and then show events/sources chronologically. Use dashes and underscores as spacers, and avoid other punctuation.
    • Surname-Given-Middle_year_description of item. It looks like this:

Tanner-Joseph-Henry_1880_Coconino County AZ census page 14

Tanner-Joseph-Henry_1887_Washington County UT marriage license

Tanner-Joseph-Henry_1895_San Juan County NM deed book vol 4 pg 381

  1. Moving files to  Evernote from your hard drive is an option if you want all your files in one place. Keep in mind the Basic version gives you 60MB of uploads a month, Plus gives you 1GB, and Premium is unlimited.
    • Open Explorer (Windows) or Finder (Mac), right click on the file name and select “Send to Evernote”
    • OR within a notebook click on New Note>File>Attach Files. Search for the file on your hard drive and select it.  This will move it into Evernote.

5 steps for researching with Evernote

  1. Create a research notebook. Create a notebook for your research session.  Name it “Tanner, Joseph Henry – Research” (But use your own ancestor’s name, of course!)
  2. Create a research report note. Create a note named “Research Report for Joseph Henry Tanner” by pasting in a template you have saved in a “Templates and Worksheets” notebook. (See for a downloadable template.) Keeping it in quotes will pin it to the top of the list of notes. Use this report to document the steps you take to research a particular objective, such as “Where was Joseph Henry Tanner born?” This is where you will record the sources you search, either successfully or unsuccessfully.
  3. “Clip” sources to search. Using the Web Clipper, add sources to the notebook from the online catalog for the repository you will visit, planning your research activities. Each web clip creates a new note, with the source citation pasted directly into the note.  Each note title, by default, will automatically be taken from the content of the source you clip.  In most cases you can keep the title as is. Your clipped sources will become a handy “to do” list for you at the repository, neatly listed within your ancestor’s research notebook.
  4. Examine the record. At the repository open the notebook, click on a note with a clipped source, obtain the source and examine it. Add a “Doc #” to the beginning of the note title, and record the Doc # and citation in your research report. Then add comments and analysis to the open note, also copying it to your research report. If using Evernote on a tablet, take a photo of the source, which will embed it directly into the note.  You can also annotate the photo image, if desired.  If using a laptop, you can take a photo with a camera and add it to the note later. If it turns out it is a source you want to add to your ancestor’s surname notebook, simply copy the note, rename it using your naming convention, and assign the copy to the surname notebook for that ancestor.
  5. Add new records. At the repository you will come across things you had not clipped from the online catalog.  Add new items as you find them by creating a new note and embedding a photo of the source document. Include a complete source citation in your note. Add a Doc # to the title, and add the item and Doc # to your research report. At the end of the day, open your research notebook and admire your tidy list of sources checked, complete with document images, source citations, comments and annotations, and a research report documenting your research thought process.

5 more ways you can use Evernote for genealogy

  1. Record an interview. Click on the microphone in a new note and record an interview with Aunt Jenny.  Or ask her about that heirloom necklace and have her tell the story behind it. Include a photo of the necklace in the note.
  2. Keep track of research correspondence. Forward emails to a “correspondence” notebook in Evernote. Create a note with a table in it to keep track of contacts.
  3. Plan a research trip. Add travel reservations to a “research trip” notebook, along with maps, repository hours and information, directions, and itineraries.
  4. Keep track of websites you like. Clip a page from any website you like, and Evernote will include a link to that website in the note.
  5. Gather ideas for a book. Create an “ideas for my book” notebook.  Clip online images, jot down inspiration, and clip samples of books you like. When you finally get around to writing your epic family history, your ideas will be right there at your fingertips.

In summary

I keep my use of Evernote simple and straightforward: I create notebooks, I create notes, and I search for notes. That is how I use Evernote.  It is my giant pile of stuff, and yet I am still able to eat meals on my dining room table. Creating a complicated organization system within Evernote is possible, but completely unnecessary thanks to its ability to find any keyword within any note or attachment. Evernote liberates genealogists from binders, files, and stacks of printouts,  yet makes every detail from every research session accessible and searchable.

I can instantly retrieve any snippet, note, image, or scrap of an idea I added to the pile with a one-word search. I can instantly access an entire research session and pick up right where I left off. I can instantly find my airline reservation, car rental agreement, and directions to my hotel. About the only thing I cannot instantly find in Evernote are my car keys!

For Further Reading

Nancy Hendrickson, How to Use Evernote for Writing and Research (Green Pony Press, Inc., 2014).

Lorine McGinnis Schulze,  Organize Your Genealogy in Evernote in 10 Easy Steps (Olive Tree Genealogy, 2014).

Lisa Louise Cooke,  Evernote for Windows for Genealogists (Genealogy Gems Publishing, n.d.).

Dick Eastman, “Why We All Need to Ignore Our Old Ideas about Filing Systems,” Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter—Plus Edition, 7 Apr 2015.

Cheatsheet: Table of Wars and Ages of Servicemen

Military records are a valuable source of genealogical information—one of the best!  Military service records, bounty land files, and pension files are some of the more commonly used in this record group, but don’t stop there.  Draft cards, discharge papers, prisoner of war records, veteran cemeteries, soldier homes, and veteran/lineage societies can be rich resources for the researcher.

Do you know if your ancestor served in the military?   The FamilySearch Wiki provides an Ages of Servicemen table to help determine this. From this table I created the Table of Wars – Ages of Servicemen downloadable cheatsheet with a timeline of wars servicemen might have been involved with, according to their birth dates at the time of the conflict. This is a table for wars the United States was a part of, but since most of these wars involved foreign countries, it can be a helpful tool for your foreign-born ancestors, as well.

We tend to think of wartime service for veterans, but don’t forget that men and women served in peacetime, too.  Use this cheatsheet to determine if your ancestor might have been part of a military conflict, and then check the FamilySearch Wiki for search strategies specific to each war.

Table of Wars - Ages of Servicemen.  Source:

Table of Wars – Ages of Servicemen. Source:

Downloadable Cheatsheet:  Table of Wars and Ages of Servicemen

Time for a Timeline: A Downloadable Template for You

Time for Timelines 2So you are in a research quandry.  Perhaps you are suffering from information overload, and don’t know what to make of it all.  Are there too many pieces of evidence going through your mind? Are you trying to figure out what to do next?

Maybe it’s time for a timeline…

My little brain is too tiny too hold and sort more than a few pieces of evidence, so I use a research log and report for the “holding”, and a timeline for the “sorting”.  I’m guessing you have already discovered the benefits of timelines, and the need to make order of the events in an ancestor’s life while placing him/her within the context of local and world events.  If so, it might be time to update a timeline for your latest research project.

Timeline template snippet. Click on the link to download the template.  Dayna Jacobs (

Click on the link below to download this template.
Dayna Jacobs (

Downloadable timeline template

Timelines reveal gaps, inconsistencies, and conflicts in our research, but they also sometimes serve up a well-ordered line of logic that can make writing a proof summary or proof argument much easier. Timelines are valuable tools at any stage of research:

  • In the beginning they steer us to the jurisdictions most likely to house our ancestor’s records.
  • As we accumulate records they help us order and make sense of our findings, and they often nearly shout out to us what our next research objective should be.
  • At the conclusion of our research project timelines help us to prepare our proof summary or proof argument. Utilize timelines as the scaffolding for your research, but also as the showcase.

Create a timeline for an individual and another one for an entire family. Record the locality, date, and age for life events such as birth, marriage, death, birth of children, residence (census, directories, voter registration), land ownership, military, education, employment, and immigration, among other things.

Be sure to tie events to source documents in your research log for easy reference. Include significant local, state, and national events, such as wars, natural disasters, border expansion, change of jurisdiction, railway or waterway development, and mineral discoveries in your timeline. These things influenced your ancestor’s choices and will help you make sense of the personal events of your ancestor’s life.

Timelines are key to a good researcher’s success. Give it a try – you will be rewarded every time!

My Cheatsheet for Genealogy Boolean Searches

After blogging about the use of Boolean searches for genealogy, I decided to try and track down a compact cheatsheet or template I could use when searching in Google.  I didn’t come across anything that served my purposes completely, so I made my own.  I thought it might be helpful for others, so have posted it here for you to use. I’m sure my list will change as I work with it more and more, but it is a good starting place.

Using whichever search engine you prefer, just plug in your own data using this punctuation and format, and see what kind of results you get:

Cheatsheet- Genealogy BooleanWhile compiling this list I came across some previously untapped resources in the search results.  I am talking about some high quality original sources that enriched my research and were golden.  I encourage you to come up with your own template, and to mix and match the search terms and compare the number of hits you get.

Too many hits? Try adding additional search terms to your string until you have shaped it and narrowed it to suit you.  Then copy it and add it to your personal template.

To get an idea of how the construction of a search string affects the number of hits that will result, I’ve included a chart that illustrates my own results in one session:

Number of hits with diffferent search strings, by Dayna Jacobs of

Number of hits with different search strings, by Dayna Jacobs (

When using a search engine it is helpful to know a few keyboard shortcuts.  I cannot keep track of more than a few in my head, so am sharing the ones I use most often:

Google keyboard shortcuts for genealogy and other searching, by Dayna Jacobs of

Google keyboard shortcuts for genealogy and other searching, by Dayna Jacobs (

I hope this gives your online searching a boost.  I’d love to hear your success stories!